37 – Bone tool technology and production of leather clothing

120,000 to 90,000 years ago

Dating from 120,000 to 90,000 years ago, bone tools were found in Morocco in association with carnivore remains that showed signs of skinning for furs and pelts. The invention of clothing, and the development of the tools needed to create it, are milestones in the story of humanity. Not only are they indicative of strides in cultural and cognitive evolution, archaeologists also believe they were essential in enabling early humans to expand their niche from Pleistocene Africa into new environments with new ecological challenges. However, as furs and other organic materials used to make clothing are unlikely to be preserved in the archaeological record, the origin of clothing is still poorly understood.

Image credit Emily Hallett/Curtis Marean.


    Pleistocene2.58 million to 11,700 years ago

Environmental and Climate Changes

  • Earth’s climate remains relatively stable with alternating glacial and interglacial periods
  • Glacial/interglacial cycles changed 100,000 to 41,000 years

Changing Species